Peru / 2019
Peru is one of the countries with the highest ratio of territory gave in concession to extractive industries. More than 15% of the territory is in concession to mining companies, mostl y foreigner. For geological reasons the majority of those concessions are in the Andean area, over 3000 meters on the sea level. An emblematic case is the province of Pasco, where 52,9% of the territory has been given in concession to mining companies. The city of Cerro de Pasco is the fulcrum of mining activity in the region.
Cerro de Pasco has more then 70.000 inhabitants and it grew around an enormous open pit called El Tajo. A crater two kilometers long and wide and almost one km deep. The history of the city developed hand by hand with the development of El Tajo. More the crater grew and more the town grew and more the town grew more the crater swallowed pieces of it. The first city square, the first church, the first hospital. All swallowed and sacrificed to the open pit mine that, during the years, has produced tons of copper, lead, zinc, gold and silver.
Despite millions of dollars generated by over 400 years of mining exploitation, today Cerro de Pasco is one of the poorest cities in Peru. The health system is almost inexistent, the educational system is close to the collapse and the population does not receive any help from the government. The inhabitant of Cerro de Pasco live in a situation of social and economic exclusions without any possibility to escape a live at the shadow of El Tajo. Moreover, the pollution caused by 60 years of industrial extraction made Cerro de Pasco one of the most polluted places on earth. If international standards were applied, 100% of the population would urgently hospitalized for the presence of heavy metals in their bodies. 33% of the infant mortality is due to congenital malformations and the incidence of cancer is four time the national average.